Definition

The primary requirement for importing agricultural products is the food safety and protection of human, animal or plant life or health from risks.

In order to guarantee the food safety and to prevent entry, establishment or spread of pests, diseases, disease-carrying organisms or disease-causing organisms, through trade activities, the governments of all countries had established laws, regulations and standards to protect human or animal life or health (Sanitary Measure) and to protect plant life or health (Phytosanitary Measure).

The objectives of phytosanitary are to protect human, animal and plant life and health form the risks such as entry, establishment or spread of pests, diseases, disease-carrying organisms or disease-causing organisms, which can be from all types of transportation method within, to and from Cambodia.

The owners of goods which are subject to be checked under phytosanitary measures, who import to/export from and transport within Cambodia shall request the phytosanitary check and follow the phytosanitary measures.

Measures to be implemented:

  • to protect animal or plant life or health within the territory of the Member from risks arising from the entry, establishment or spread of pests, diseases, disease-carrying organisms or disease-causing organisms.
  • to protect human or animal life or health within the territory of the Member from risks arising from additives, contaminants, toxins or disease-causing organisms in foods, beverages or feedstuffs.

Purpose

To protect human life or health within the territory of the Member from risks arising from diseases carried by animals, plants or products thereof, or from the entry, establishment or spread of pests.

To prevent or limit other damage within the territory of the Member from the entry, establishment or spread of pests.

Protection

Sanitary or phytosanitary measures which conform to international standards, guidelines or recommendations shall be deemed to be necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health.

The Goods subject to the check are as follows

  • Plant, piece of plant, forestry products and processed products
  • Plants that can be a shelter and/or allow entry of disease-carrying organisms or disease-causing organisms
  • Packing materials such as wooden case, piece of wood or all type of transportation method and warehouse
  • Soil or soil attached to roots of plant or piece of plant
  • disease-carrying organisms or disease-causing organisms or live/or dead body
  • Non-plant product that can be shelter and/or allow entry of disease-carrying organisms or disease-causing organisms

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Certificate Request Procedure

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Certificate (SPS) are often required by importing countries when exporting fresh fruits, vegetables, fish, live animal and other products. This certificate certifies that the product is free from injurious pests which could damage crops. It is exporter’s responsibility to ensure that the Sanitary and Phytosanitary conditions are met.

The goods subject to the check are as follows:

  • Plant, piece of plant, forestry products and processed products
  • Plants that can be a shelter and/or allow entry of disease-carrying organisms or disease-causing organisms
  • Packing materials such as wooden case, piece of wood or all type of transportation method and warehouse
  • Soil or soil attached to roots of plant or piece of plant
  • disease-carrying organisms or disease-causing organisms or live/or dead body
  • Non-plant product that can be shelter and/or allow entry of disease-carrying organisms or disease-causing organisms

List of goods which are subject to Phytosanitary check is decided by the joint sub-decree between the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and the Minister of Health.

The owners of goods which are subject to be checked under phytosanitary measures shall follow the phytosanitary measures as follows:

  • Must make correct declaration of goods
  • Must obtain Phytosanitary Certificate
  • Must pack goods safely and guarantee no crack or pierce or spill out while on the way of transporting
  • Must keep or transport goods only in the direction permitted by Phytosanitary competent agency. In case of goods need to be keep or transported or loaded at outside of the permitted direction, need to request for another permit from Phytosanitary competent agency.

The Individual or legal person who is the owner of goods must submit a request letter for Phytosanitary check at the nearest phytosanitary competent agency before 10days prior to exporting goods and must offer convenience for Phytosanitary check. During this period, phytosanitary competent official must complete checking and implementing phytosanitary measures.

For goods that is subject to the phytosanitary check and not match to condition of phytosanitary measures of the importing country, the owner of goods must implement the phytosanitary measures in accordance with the measures of importing country.

The payment for above phytosanitary measures is responsibility of the owner of goods.

Individual or Legal person who requested for phytosanitary check on his/her goods has to pay for phytosanitary check service charge. If the prevention measures are requested, he/she need to pay for service charge of prevention measures. Those serve charges will be paid into National Budget via phytosanitary competent agency.

Service charges on phytosanitary check and prevention measures are defined by the joint sub-decree between Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and Minister of Economic and Finance.

Cambodia Pest Control Services is the company that was authorized to offer service of pest control and fumigation by Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Certificate Procedure

Step 1 Submit Request LetterSubmit Request Letter for Sanitary and Phytosanitary Certificate and request to have goods checked by officer of Department of Agronomy and Agriculture Land Improvement, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. You will also need to provide: Packing List, Commercial Invoice, Patent License, VAT Certificate, Commercial Registration Certificate and Request Letter.
Step 2 Follow compliance guidelinesThe Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries will then make a risk assessment based on your product’s risk for pest,  your company profiles and the source of origin. After that ministry will instruct and explain about conditions for exporting these goods from Cambodia.
Step 3 Determine importing country testing and inspection requirementsMinistry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries will check the testing and inspection requirements of the importing country. Then the ministry will prepare to conduct inspection and test following to those requirements.
Step 4 Perform Laboratory testingIn necessary case, the Ministry will prepare to do the Test in laboratory at least 15days prior to exporting day (only working day). The Ministry is equipped to perform all necessary tests but your advance notice is recommended.
Step 5 Fumigation on Export productsIn necessary case, the Ministry will prepare to do Fumigation on goods at least 15days prior to exporting day (working day only). The Fumigation process can take up to 96 hours. After the Fumigation, the Ministry will also have a follow-up inspection to determine if re-fumigation is necessary.
Step 6 Export ProductThe Ministry will then issue a Fumigation Certificate. This certificate certifies type of goods, date and type of dosage used for the treatment. After you received a Fumigation Certificate, it means that your goods are Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) certified and is ready for export.

Remarks

  • Diagnosing disease takes 1day to 5days
  • Fumigation Process takes 3days to 7days

Further Information of Phytosanitary Measures

Please read instruction and principle about legislative measure for Phytosanitary Certificate Procedure (for export or continuous export) or go through website of International Plants Protection Agreement:

http://www.ippc.int/ipp/en/default.jsp

or website of World Trade Organization on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures:

http://www.wto.org/english/tratpo_e/sps_tratp_e.htm

or contact directly to General Department of Agriculture (Department of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Plants Protection)

Address: Building #54B-49S, corner of St.395 and St.656, Sangkat Teuk Laak, Khan Tuol Kork, Phnom Penh

Tel: (855) 23 885 482

Fax: (855) 23 238 832/ 267

E-mail: ppspsdcam@online.com.kh

Appendix

  1. The Law and Regulation relating to Customs Clearance
  2. The List of High Ranking Officials in GDCE
  3. The List of Fee and Charges
  4. The List of Contacts of the Other Ministries